General Information
NameGarlic
Scientific NameAllium sativum
DescriptionWith a history of human use of over 7,000 years, garlic (Allium sativum) is native to central Asia, and has long been a staple in the Mediterranean region, as well as a frequent seasoning in Asia, Africa, and Europe. There are two sub-varieties of allium sativum: Allium sativum var. sativum (soft-necked garlic) and Allium sativum var. ophioscorodon (hard-necked garlic). Soft-necked garlic is the most commonly found. Bulb garlic is available in many forms, including fresh, frozen, dried, fermented (black garlic) and shelf stable products (in tubes or jars). [Wikipedia]
Picture8
Classification
GroupHerbs and Spices
Sub-GroupHerbs
Taxonomy
Lineage
ITIS ID42652
Wikipedia IDGarlic
Composition
CompoundStructureContent Range AverageReference
CompoundReference
References
Content Reference— Saxholt, E., et al. 'Danish food composition databank, revision 7.' Department of Nutrition, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark (2008).
— U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2008. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21. Nutrient Data Laboratory Home Page.
— Shinbo, Y., et al. 'KNApSAcK: a comprehensive species-metabolite relationship database.' Plant Metabolomics. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2006. 165-181.